China Supports Afghanistan in Preventing Terrorism

September 18, 2021

China’s President Xi Jinping urged “relevant parties” in Afghanistan to eradicate terrorism and promised more assistance to the war-torn country on Friday, according to state news agency Xinhua. China has a land border with Afghanistan, where the Taliban appointed a new government earlier this month. The group retook control in August, after US-led foreign forces left after a 20-year presence.

Afghanistan should be guided to be more open and inclusive, with moderate domestic and foreign policies, Xi said at a meeting of leaders from the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and another regional grouping, according to a report from the agency. As “instigators” of the situation, “certain countries” should assume their due responsibilities for Afghanistan’s future development, Xi added, clearly referring to the United States and its allies.

According to experts, Afghanistan’s economy is in crisis, and a humanitarian disaster is on the horizon. Western nations have been hesitant to provide funds to the Taliban in the absence of assurances that it will respect human rights, particularly those of women. China, which has pledged aid and Covid-19 vaccine doses to Afghanistan, has stated that the US and its allies have a duty to provide economic and humanitarian aid to the war-torn country.

China is also concerned about militants from its far western region of Xinjiang some of whom are based in Afghanistan and have long been Taliban allies. China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Pakistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan are members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Afghanistan is a non-member observer state.

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