With the Afghan Peace Process underway, of Af-Pak border almost finished and a massive repatriation of Afghan refugees from Pakistan being carried out; a shift in foreign policy, inter-state relations and a subsequently evolved security dynamics mat emerge between these two neighboring states. This policy paper reviews Pakistan’s foreign policy adopted to secure strategic gains in post 9/11 South Asian order. The analysis aims to highlight any missed opportunities and lack of synergies with regards to Pakistan’s Afghanistan related policies on trade, security, mobility and transit control at the border, that seem to have led to security deficit and long-term instability in Pakistan. Another key emerging issue discussed in forthcoming analysis is the importance of regional support required for success of Afghan Peace talks which in turn will dictate the security situation in Afghanistan and subsequently any challenges and opportunities for Pakistan.

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