The conflict between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, which is still considered as one of the most significant impediments to regional integration as well as one of the most difficult and aggravating challenges in bringing peace and stability to South Asia region. The conflict began in 1947 along with the emergence of India and Pakistan as two independent states and still remains unresolved. Five wars have been fought between Pakistan and India due to Kashmir while border skirmishes between two sides is a regular phenomenon. Several studies have been conducted to devise an amicable solution to the Kashmir conflict which is acceptable for all the stakeholders of the conflict; yet no significant progress has been made till to date and the conflict still persists. This research study assesses the Kashmir conflict through the perspective of International Humanitarian law and how different modes of conflict resolution mechanism can play a role in devising a mutually accepted solution to the Kashmir conflict.

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