LRIP

PAKISTAN’S POLITICAL & DIPLOMATIC OUTREACH FOR KASHMIR CONFLICT: PROSPECTS OF HIGHLIGHTING KASHMIR ON INTERNATIONAL FORUMS

This paper recalls and underscores the use of diplomacy and international legal mechanisms by Pakistan to raise the Kashmir issue on international forums. This may help revive the status of the issue as a “disputed territory”, “right of self-determination of Kashmiris” and an “international dispute”. Specifically, the paper discusses implications of India’s revocation of Article 370 and 35A in the IOK, and how this act resulted in violation of various bilateral, multi-lateral and international legal arrangements and principles. The aim of this paper is to provide an evaluation to the policy makers, regarding various options of utilizing diplomatic arrangements and international legal frameworks. These may help Pakistan to reassert the Kashmir issue at global level. In addition, the situation on ground in IOK following the Indian act of 5th August 2019, calls for a critical evaluation of Pakistan’s foreign policy on Kashmir and the need of emphasizing on the narrative of human rights violations along with the their right of self-determination, in an attempt to internationalize the issue. Now that the bilateral arrangement of Shimla accord of 1972 between Pakistan and India stands violated by the later, after India’s unilateral inclusion of Kashmir in its territory and bringing disputed IOK under constitutional umbrella of the Indian state, the bilateral resolution of the issue is next to impossible without risking a nuclear war between India and Pakistan. Read More

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