Strategic Designs of Modi’s India against Pakistan
Pakistan and India, despite having the same legacy of independence without colonialism, have not been able to live as peaceful neighbors. The political entanglement, which was the result of Modi’s aggressive policies, has made problems even more difficult. The bilateral relations between India and Pakistan have been a source of tensions, tensions and wars since the two countries were formed in 1947. India aspires to play a significant role in South Asia; however, Pakistan is viewed as a major challenge by Indian policy makers. In order to counter Pakistan, India has devised a twofold strategy.
First, he has stepped up his campaign to deliberately split Pakistan with a terrorist-themed comprehensive agenda. Secondly, it has a tendency to utilize violence and brutality in the face of terrorism and disregard old lines. To attain these objectives, India has used a range of methodologies to degrade Pakistan’s credibility in the international community.
Nuclear power in India and Pakistan has augmented security threats in South Asia. The acquisition of nuclear technology allows both states to avoid conflict by using them as a deterrence factor, but the conflict and mistrust between them has intensified a never-ending arms race in the region. Pakistan with its limited resources and struggling economy pays a high price for its defense sector; yet it is obligated to acquire modern weapons in order to maintain balance of power in the region.
India sees Pakistan as a major impediment in its own position, which is why the majority of its security and policy-making efforts are focused around Pakistan while it makes every effort to destabilize the country. The Indo-US nuclear deal has sparked widespread skepticism in Pakistan, since it aims to reinforce India’s efforts to corner Pakistan in the regional balance of power.
The expansion of Hinduism in India has also posed new security challenges for the Pakistani government. The anti-Pakistan rhetoric used by the BJP, led by Modi, to win the national elections demonstrates a deep-seated animosity and hatred for Pakistan. Further more, the BJP, led by Premier Narendra Modi failed to keep pledges made to his supporters in order to win the 2019 elections.
In order to appease India’s domestic audience and divert the attention of the international community from regional dynamics, Prime Minister Modi conducted Balakot strikes as the so-called retaliation of Pulwama attacks for which Pakistan was blamed. Pakistan responded within no time and shot down an Indian plane, while subsequently captured the Indian pilot Abhinandan, who was later returned to his country as the gesture of peace. There have been numerous occasions when India has demonstrated its malicious tendencies in Pakistan in order to harm the country’s regional and geostrategic objectives.
Moreover, India’s lobbying efforts to retain Pakistan on FATF (Financial Action Task Force) grey list reflects India’s malicious intent to deprive Pakistan of financial benefits, as being on the grey list creates difficulties for Pakistan multi dimensionally as the banking sector faces financial constraints while international investment is minimized.
Moreover, Pakistan will also face serious difficulties in attaining international loans. These two examples are enough to illustrate India’s evil intentions in Pakistan and how it uses its soft and hard power to harm Pakistan’s interests in the region and discredit its international repute. Violence on the Indian subcontinent will exacerbate the situation in Pakistan, particularly in the current context, where regional conflicts seem to evolve and hence political and geostrategic transformation of regional state seems highly probable.
Most recently, on March 22, 2021,Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi wrote a letter to his counterpart Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan calling for atmosphere of Trust, devoid of terror and hostility. Yet there was no mention of Kashmir conflict or any kind of Indian initiative to bridge the gap between two states. India has continued to further its terrorist activities in the occupied region while recently Pakistani security agencies have exposed Indian support of terror financing in Pakistan. These events depict PM Modi’s intentions against Pakistan, however unfortunately Indian strong diplomatic clout has blind-sided the international community and they have been unable to see India’s evil designs in the region since a very long time.
It should be recalled that Prime Minister Modi has made a clear proclamation against Muslims in his country since assuming power in May 2014, and before that as the Prime Minister of Gujarat. The killing of Muslims in Gujarat province under Modi in 2002 is still fresh in the minds of Muslims in India, Pakistan, and beyond. India bears the brunt of proving its good intentions. Prime Minister Modi’s new desire for peace and friendly relations with the people of Pakistan is likely to remain a dream as long as he adheres to the Hindutva ideology and aims to transform a non-partisan and multi-religious India into a Hindu Rashtra. It should be highlighted that India’s revocation of Articles 370 and 35-A of the Indian constitution on August 5, 2019 was a flagrant violation of international law, explicitly contradicting the decision of United Nations Security Council Resolution 38 (UNSCR) of January 17, 1948; and UNSCR 47 of April 21, 1948.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 47 clearly states that “The subject of Jammu and Kashmir’s inclusion in India or Pakistan must be decided in a democratic, free, and fair way”. After almost two years, the occupied region is still under India’s siege where human rights violations by Indian security forces on Kashmiri population is a norm of which international community has failed to take any notice. India has continued to move ahead with its plan of administrative and demographic changes in the occupied region to which Pakistan has expressed serious concerns on multiple occasions, yet the issue predominantly remains unaddressed.
Bilateral relations between Pakistan and India seem to remain strain for a long period of time as PM Modi has expressed his anti-Pakistan rhetoric through his words and actions. Strategic designs of India against Pakistan are expected to further intensify South Asian regional stability and any conflict between two states will directly lead towards a nuclear conflict which will be disastrous for the entire region.